Originally Answered: I Need Help on this History Essay Question!?
A good place to start is to explain why the 2 Vietnam's were created in 1954, the North, Ho Chi Minh was the leader, was supported by the Communists--China--USSR.
The south, which we supported, was lead by Diem. The
French had controlled Vietnam until they were kicked out
by the nationalists/Comunists in 1954. We supported the
South Vietnamese government, which was NOT a popular
government during the Eisenhower years by sending them
money and advisors. as things got worse in the early
1960's the Kennedy administration sent in some troops
and got more heavily involved in the country. See the Diem
government being overthrown and replaced, we supported
and helped the South Vietnamese do this. After Kennedy
was assasinated President Johnson decided to get
heavily involved in Vietnam due to the Domino Theory, or
the that if 1 country fell all of the surrounding countries would fall.
That should get you started on Vietnam. Now for Korea.
Korea was split after World War 2. The North was
controlled by the Communists. The South was supported
by us and was a free country, more or less. The North
Koreans believed that they should controll all of Korea and
in 1949 invaded South Korea. The South Korean Army,
left unprepared by the USA, we did not want them to start a
war, was massacred and our troops were almost thrown
out of Korea. It took a brillant counter attack by Mac Arthur,
at Inchon, to save South Korea. We then almost wipe out
the North Koreans , nmarched all the way to the Chinese
border. But then China attacked, kicked us out of North
Korea, and the war entered into a general stalemate. You
can look up the rest.
Hope that Helps. Packers.
PS You know the TV serries MASH. It was based on the
Korean War but was used as a comment on war in general
like the one in Vietnam.